Landskab nr. 7 2016
Published by Helene Helligsøe on Saturday Nov 19, 2016 at 09:57
To lie beautifully in the rural zone, p. 184, Martin Odgaard.
In June, the Danish government reached an agreement with the Social Democrats, Conservative and the Danish Peoples Party for a long awaited revision of the environmental legislation. The package included a wide range of different initiatives to support the government’s agenda concerning a so-called modernization of the Planning Act and an adjustment of the Protection of Nature Act. The government’s original proposal from last fall, part of the initiative for Growth and Development in Denmark, implied a major departure from the former planning system, while the June agreement was more a case of adjusting the existing plans.
However in the rural zone, there are especially two elements in the agreement, which seen from a landscape professional point of view, demand attention. The first being a proposed change in the administration of the Protection of Nature Act § 15, also known as the coastal building regulations. The other element is the changes in the limits to when one can demand a rural zone permission application, a seeming technicality, but in reality the phasing out of architectural censorship in the rural zone.
The interim conclusion seems to be that many are happy that the coastal building regulations will remain in force, even though they were in the former proposal. On the other hand there is a deafening silence concerning the new, far more extensive exceptions in the rural zone, which must be expected to have consequences for the entire country – also in the scenic surroundings.
When poetry and development meet – interview with Erik Juhl in Hedeland Nature Park, p. 186, Margrethe Holmberg.
Erik Juhl has worked with the Hedeland Nature Park since 1975, originally as landscape architect and with supervision, and then for 29 years from 1987 to 2016 as director for I/S Hedeland. Now, Erik Juhl has retired as director and can look back on a life’s work that is wild, luxuriant, variable and unique, but however is also a controlled landscape consisting of 15 km2.
I met Erik Juhl in Hedeland in connection with this interview for three reasons: The first being the fact that Erik Juhl, gardener and landscape architect, is a personality who is worth listening to and learning from. He is a wonderful narrator and has a vast knowledge and experience with plants. The second reason was that Hedeland is a beautiful, wide-spreading landscape with moorland meadows with grazing cattle, forests and all the activities that landscape architects have visions of and describe in a wide range of competition proposals today. The third reason is that Hedeland was realized during a period with a very simple and practical approach, where it is not far from vision to realization. This is inspiring at a time when we as architects and landscape architects must use a great deal of our time on prequalification rounds, tenders, bids, legislation, specifications, administration, etc.
In the resource legislation of 1972, a post treatment obligation was implemented that should take place according to a post treatment plan, which should be approved before the commencement of raw material excavation.
The structural plan for Hedeland, drawn up by Edith and Ole Nørgård’s and Jørgen Vesterholt’s offices was approved by the Ministry of Agriculture and all the other involved authorities. Together with the regional plan, the structural plan ensures that the entire great industrial landscape should be converted to recreational landscape purposes.
In 1978, I/S Hedeland was established and owned by three municipalities, Høje Tåstrup, Roskilde and Greve together with two counties Roskilde and Copenhagen. The governing body consisted of 15 members chosen from the five partners. With a joint organization and a joint plan it was now possible to steer the development in Hedeland and maintain the unity in relation to the many partners’ wishes and ideas.
The structure plan dealt with the main disposition of the forest and open meadows. It designated areas for outdoor and sports activities. There was agreement that the landscape at Hedeland should paraphrase a portion of the industrial culture’s history based on an unsentimental and contemporary approach. The structural plan was supplemented with area plans and more detailed project plans.
When one travels through Hedeland today, one can see the results of the structural plan’s visions. For example the large meadow lands with open skies and grazing cattle, surrounded by forests and agriculture and with a ski slope as a focus point. It represents a large, powerful landscape effort, which could never have been realized without good planning tools.
Healing Bagmati – revitalizing the riparian zone of The Bagmati River, p. 192, Oskar Frelin and Jens Hansen Holm.
Water is an important part of the projects that we worked with in landscape architecture here in Denmark, and it is often an integrated element in our design. But how do we approach a design project when it is a question of a polluted river in a developing country? We asked ourselves this question when we decided to investigate the Bagmati River in Kathmandu, Nepal in our thesis project. The Bagmati River has great importance in the Nepalese culture and is the most holy river in the country. The previously life-giving river has during the last thirty years been degraded beyond all recognition and has become more like an open sewer rather than a natural river bed. The condition of the river is symptomatic of a long sequence of complex problems in Kathmandu.
The heart of the strategy is the Bagmati River Park, a five-kilometer long park that connects the city lengthwise and crosswise along the river. The park stretches from east to west, across the city center along the border between the two cities, Kathmandu and Patan. Today the area represents a stretch of the river, with large unbuilt areas and lies in a favorable strategic position in relation to introducing new green open areas to the center of the city. The park will provide a green lung and can absorb large volumes of rainwater during the monsoon season, lower the temperature and increase biodiversity in the city. We achieve this by planting about 7,000 trees, which create a green volume and form a connecting link between the different programmed areas.
The park begins and ends by a temple area; Shankhamul in the east and Teku to the west, and in the middle, a third temple, Thapathali. One of the main ideas was to re-create the connection between the water and the temple areas. Via new canals, the water is led in to the old ghats (steps) thereby creating islands in front of the temples, which are separate from the rest of the park and can serve as quite places for meditation and relaxation.
Guldbergs Plads, p. 198, 1:1 landscape.
10 grassy hills, 75 larch trees and 200 blue poles make up the new Guldbergs Plads, a place where people of all ages can be active, move about and relax. The three elements unify the area; the existing functions, which are retained, the new programs that have been initiated and give the square the identity as an activity park; a meeting place where movement in the city space is in focus.
The different sized grassy hills create a playful landscape. Large areas with tall meadow grass wave over the clipped grassy hills and create a visual aesthetic layer at the place. Spread on the hills are larch trees and metal poles in shades of blue. The tree trunks and the poles’ mutual interplay create a new urban forest. The character of the larch trees accentuates the square’s varying expression throughout the year; the color variation of the foliage from clear light green in the spring to yellow in the fall, to the fluttering silhouettes in the winter months allow everyone to experience nature in the middle of the Nørrebro quarter.
As a result of local citizen participation in the development of Guldbergs Plads a number of different activity spots and equipment areas were implemented, all with emphasis on attracting adults not used to exercise.